“Firstly, my direct answer is, Yes. The kerosene heaters are safe to use indoors, and millions of users have been using them safely for years. But, you have to take precautions to avoid a few serious hazards.”
Flames and Emissions are the two main safety concerns, and overcoming those define whether a kerosene heater is safe to use indoors. Fortunately, there are some proven tactics to keep ourselves protected from all those threats. I’ll discuss them briefly in this article…
Additionally, I’ll share
- Four common hazards of using a kerosene heater indoor and their protections.
- Tips and tricks to ensure a clean burn of kerosene.
- Specific safety precautions for Forced Air, Radiant, and Convection kerosene heaters.
Let’s dive in.
Four Hazards of using a kerosene heater indoors.
- Asphyxiation due to emission
- Flame Hazard
- Acciedental Explosion
- Threats in Indoor Air Quality
Here’s a brief discussion on these 4-common dangers, and I’ve also attached the precautions to take against these.
1. Emissions of Kerosene Heater and Asphyxiation
Well designed kerosene heater hardly produces any gray fumes or odors, but there’re some invisible and insensible particles that we need to avoid.
Kerosene is a fossil fuel and is available in numerous refined states. Refined kerosene (K-1 Grade) is a combination of 10+ hydrocarbons, and each of those molecules contains around 10-16 carbon atoms.
While getting burned, kerosene consumes a massive amount of oxygen as long there remains a supply of fresh air. Thus it produces HEAT and Carbon Dioxide along with some vapor. Everything remains safe till this particular state of kerosene burning.
But the problem arises when the fuel has adulteration. No kerosene is 100% pure, even not the K-1. Several minerals like Sulphur, Nitrogen, and so on remain connected with petroleum hydrocarbon bonds. The kerosene refining procedure can’t separate all those adulterations.
As a result, while burning kerosene, poisonous gasses like sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and several other acidic and alkaline oxides start being produced.
Things get worst when we start burning kerosene in small unventilated rooms. Cause then the petroleum doesn’t get enough oxygen to be burnt and start producing carbon monoxide.
So the Risk of Asphyxiation arises.
Asphyxiation is such a state when a room doesn’t contain sufficient oxygen to breathe. Sulfur oxides start spreading irritating odors, but carbon monoxide is the worst element here.
Carbon monoxide doesn’t have any smells, and it’s extremely toxic and can cause a severe medical condition. Other poisonous elements like acidic or alkaline oxides could be threatful for people with asthma, pneumonia, allergenic symptoms, and several cardiovascular diseases.
You should never allow pregnant women, older people, or kids nearby kerosene heater operating areas. However, any kerosene heater is highly prohibited for use inside bedrooms.
Here’re The Basic Protections and Precautions.
Firstly, Using K-1 kerosene and ensuring sufficient ventilation can keep you protected more than 90% from all those hazards. Keep your door/window slightly cracked and place your heater nearby it.
Secondly, by time carbon and dust get clogged inside fuel tanks, burners, and combustions. These particles help to produce more emissions, such as smokey and pungent odors. So, when you require regular use, try to keep those burners, radiators, combustions, and fuel tanks clean and carbon-free.
Thirdly, if your kerosene heater contains a wick, check it every week and clean or replace it when it’s needed. Additionally, tune it optimistically (not too higher, not too lower) so that no smoke is getting produced.
Fourthly, while refueling the fuel tank, use a siphon pump to avoid spilling. Never light the heater with an empty fuel tank; it produces massive smoke.
Finally, keep kids, older and sick people from your working zones where you frequently use the kerosene heater. Especially if there’s a forced air kerosene heater remain ON, never allow a child to go or play around it.
2. Flame Hazards and The Safety
Generally, the radiants and torpedo heaters have a risk of setting fire to the surrounding things like dry cloths, papers, flammable oils, paints, spray cans, etc.
The radiant heater has a reflector, and the forced air heater contains a combustion barrel. The Front area of these two things is too sensitive and dangerous.
So, during operation, we’ve to keep this dry or flammable stuff at least 3 feet away from the radiant heater and 5 feet away from the torpedo heaters.
Additionally, you need to be extra careful during working with paint sprayers or any flammable objects inside workshops. Keep a handy fire extinguisher nearby and install a smoke detector surrounding the kerosene heater.
Spreading fire from a convection kerosene heater is pretty difficult. But, the upper portion of a convection heater remains too hot, and the heat climb upwards.
So, if your workshop’s ceiling is made of wood, or if there remain any dry cloths, foams, or anything else hanging on the roof, keep them away or place the convection heater in a different place.
Also, never leave the kerosene heater turning on inside your place and stay conscious during the operation.
Another important thing is if fuel spills during refueling the tank, clean it wholly; otherwise, the fire might spread that place.
3. Accidental Explosion and the way to avoid it
Though explosion is a sporadic case for kerosene heater, it might happen if you mix some highly flammable fuels to kerosene for any reason.
As you know, K-1, K-2, diesel fuel, jet fuel, and few other paraffin oils can run a kerosene heater. For several specific reasons, few people mix those oil (for example, diesel fuel and kerosene together) to get more efficient, clean, and smell-free burns.
But the problem is when gasoline remains inside the tank, and the fuel tank goes almost empty, those fuel drops create fuel vapors. Those vapors increase the internal pressure, and the tank insider goes explosive. In this scenario, if you unconsciously lit fire nearby, there’s a chance of happening explosion.
So, the safest solution is never to use that gasoline inside kerosene fuel tanks and if you do so, never keep the tank empty.
4. Indoor Air Pollutions and the Preventions
Even if you operate the best-engineered kerosene heater inside a compact room, you’ll notice some pungent oils. It’s not because of a faulty heater, but the reason is, when the burner is on fire, a few drops of kerosene crawling down through the vents.
Liquide kerosene smells 90% more than burned or vaporized kerosene.
Additionally, using old and impure kerosene causes black smoke and critical odors.
So, I always recommend you to keep an air quality monitor surround your kerosene heater to check it during operations. If you notice the CO2 increases or oxygen decreases, then the expected value means you have a ventilation issue.
Additionally, an exhaust fan might help you maintain a safe and good air quality due to the operation of kerosene devices.
Tips to Ensure Cleanest and the Safest Burns of Kerosene
For a safe indoor operation, kerosene heater manufacturers always suggest using higher grade kerosene or K-1 fuels. But users always try to skip using that because of their overprices.
Additionally, some people like adding lab-spirit or ethanol for smell-free operation. Which is logical, though. However, here’re a few steps to do and what you shouldn’t do to ensure a clean burn of your kerosene heater.
- Never use old kerosenes, even if you have stock. Cause old kerosene release waters, and carbon molecules start getting clogged inside it. Generally, this scenario begins happening after leaving the kerosene for 6+ months. If you have that, please do not use that inside a kerosene heater cause the experience will be disgusting.
- Never keep the wick too higher or too lower and replace the wick after schedules.
- Clean the burners, and it’s surroundings to ensure there’s no carbon clogging.
- Ensure the air vents are clear and clean for radiant and convection kerosene heater.
- Ensure the fuel pump is getting correct pressure and the motor is spinning at fool speed for forced air heater.
Safety Precautions for Forced air kerosene heater
When people think of heating a garage, workshops, or job sites with a kerosene heater, the forced air model is the most preferred option. Here’s the perfect guideline for their safest operation.
- If you attempt to use it after a long break, start with cleaning the oil filters.
- Then from the barrel’s rare cap, clean the air filter.
- Refill the unit with good quality kerosene and securely turn it on after connecting it with the power plug.
- Ensure there are no abnormal noises or flame leakage.
- Please look at the tip of the combustion barrel; ensure that it’s cherry red and there’s no black spot.
- If all function works fine, use it safely keeping in the secured distance and never leaving it to keep turning ON.
Ensuring Indoor Safety for Radiant Kerosene Heater
Radiant kerosene heaters are small, handy, and lightweight, and the most unwanted event happens with tipping over by accidental push. This issue could be avoided by keeping the fuel tank full.
Additionally, to ensure fumeless operations, always keep the radiator and the reflector nicely clean.
Convection Kerosene Heater’s indoor safety tips
Convection kerosene heaters are gigantic circular units and are made for heating large spaces. Wicks are the essential part of these as there are no other critical components.
If you pour the suitable grade kerosene, keep the upper vents clean, and measure the wick perfectly, the unit will be safe.
Additionally, after each season, technically check the spark ignitor so that no unwanted lighting up occurs.
Finally, the convection heater’s chassis remains the hottest during operation, so never touch it unconsciously to avoid any heat shock.